7/13/2010

Xavier, Saint Francis Xavier

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Saint Francis Xavier

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Saint Francis Xavier, born Francisco de Jaso y Azpilicueta (7 April 1506, Javier, Navarre – 3 December 1552, Shangchuan Island, China) was a pioneering Roman Catholic missionary born in the Kingdom of Navarre (Spain) and co-founder of the Society of Jesus.
He was influential in the spreading and upkeep of Catholicism most notably in India, but also ventured into Japan, Borneo, the Moluccas, and other areas which had thus far not been visited by Christian missionaries.

Francis had initially interacted most with the lower classes (later though, in Japan, Francis changed tack by paying tribute to the Emperor and seeking an audience with him).

Francis Xavier reached Japan on 27 July 1549, with Anjiro and three other Jesuits, but it was not until 15 August that he went ashore at Kagoshima, the principal port of the province of Satsuma on the island of Kyūshū.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !



フランシスコ・ザビエル Furanshisuko Zabieru



http://laudate.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2008/01/post_1b5d.html

Xavier Papermachee Dolls, in Daruma fashion
from Kagoshima 鹿児島 ザビエル書院



. Karematsu Jinja 枯松神社 and hidden Christians .
Nagasaki


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kigo for early winter

Day of Saint Xavier
Sei Sabieru no hi 聖ザビエルの日 (せいざびえるのひ)

December 3

Sei Furanshisuko Sabieru shi sai no iwaibi
聖フランシスコ=ザビエル司祭の祝日
(せいふらんしすこざびえるしさいのいわいび)

Sabieru no iwaibi ザビエルの祝日(ざびえるのいわいび)

Sei Sabieru sai 聖ザビエル祭(せいざびえるさい)
Festival for Saint Xavier

Christian Celebrations in Winter KIGO


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ザビエルの鐘鳴りわたる聖五月
Sabieru no kane nariwataru seigogatsu

the bell of Xavier
rings far and wide -
Holy Month of May


Hotta Seikoo 堀田清江


This bell is located at the Xavier commemoration church
Yuda Onsen, Yamaguchi
サビエル記念聖堂
http://www.visit-jy.com/english/report/reports/vol04/


Reference : ザビエルの鐘


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Goa in India is known for the grave of Francis Xavier, the first Christian missionary to Japan.

On 11 December, 1553, Xavier's body was shipped to Goa.
The body is now in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa, where it was placed in a glass container encased in a silver casket on December 2, 1637.


monsoon ...
the grave of Xavier
in the old church


Gabi Greve

. Carnival in Goa, India



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Japanese wine

Legend has it that grape-growing in Japan began in 718 CE, in Katsunuma, Yamanashi Prefecture. Wine may have been made from local grapes there, but the first documented case of wine consumption in Japan was in the 16th century, when the Jesuit missionaries arrived from Portugal.

Saint Francis Xavier brought wines as gifts for the feudal lords of Kyushu, and other missionaries continued the practice, resulting in locals acquiring taste for wine and importing it regularly.

More is here

. WASHOKU
Wine (budooshu 葡萄酒)



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As far as can be determined from Japanese historical record, shōchū appears to have been made since at least as far back as the 16th century.
For example, when the missionary Francis Xavier visited Kagoshima Prefecture in 1549, he recorded that
"the Japanese drink arak made from rice [...] but I have not seen a single drunkard. That is because once inebriated they immediately lie down and go to sleep."


. WASHOKU
shoochuu 焼酎 (しょうちゅう)
shochu, strong distilled liquor, Schnaps



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. Stepping on a Christian image
(Fumi-e, ebumi 踏絵 絵踏)
 



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