10/11/2010

Yamato Takeru

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Yamato Takeru, Yamatotakeru

Prince Yamatotakeru (日本武尊, やまとたける)
(also known as Yamato-dake), originally Prince Ousu (小碓命, おうすのみこと) was a Japanese legendary prince of the Yamato dynasty, son of Keikō of Yamato, a legendary monarch who is traditionally counted as the 12th Tennō or Emperor of Japan. The tragic tale of this impressive figure is told in the Japanese chronicles Kojiki and Nihon Shoki. One of his sons later became Chūai, traditionally counted as the 14th Emperor of Japan.

His historical existence is uncertain but those books date his life to the 4th century AD. Details are different between the two books and the version in Kojiki is assumed to be loyal to the older form of this legend.

According to traditional sources, Yamato Takeru died in the 43rd year of Emperor Keiko's reign (景行天皇43年). The possessions of the dead prince were gathered together along with the sword Kusanagi; and his widow venerated his memory in a shrine at her home. Sometime later, these relics and the sacred sword were moved to the current location of Atsuta Shrine.

Yamato Takeru is believed to have died somewhere in Ise Province. According to the legend the name of Mie Prefecture was derived from his final words. After death his soul turned into a great white bird and flew away. His tomb in Ise is known as the Mausoleum of the White Plover.
A statue of Yamato Takeru stands in Kenrokuen in Kanazawa, Ishikawa.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Yamato takeru no mikoto
やまとたけるのみこと / 倭建命


Other names:
Ousu no mikoto (Kojiki, Nihongi), Yamatooguna no miko (Kojiki), Yamatooguna (Nihongi).

A son of Emperor Keikō, and father to Emperor Chūai. Yamatotakeru's mother was Ōiratsume of Inabi in Harima, the daughter of Wakatakekibitsuhiko, ancestor of the clan known as Kibi no Omi.

Together with Wakatarashihiko (Emperor Seimu; in Nihongi, called Wakatarashi) and Prince Iokinoirihiko, Yamatotakeru was one of three princes sired by Emperor Keikō. Accepting to his father's command to campaign in the western provinces, he disguised himself as a woman and killed the leading warrior "brave" (takeru) of the local tribes known as kumaso. As the warrior lay dying, he christened Ousu with the name Yamatotakeru, meaning "brave of Yamato."

After subduing various regions in the west, Yamatotakeru returned home, and then left on another campaign, this time to the east. There, he was saved from fire by the "grass-mowing sword (kusanagi)" presented to him by Yamatohime no mikoto, and he was delivered from disaster at sea by the sacrificial death of his queen Ototachibanahime no mikoto, thus completing his mission to pacify the unruly kami and rebellious tribes.

MORE
source : Mori Mizue. Kokugakuin University.



. Retreat on the day of the wild boar (imigomori ) .
at Hioka shrine in Harima, to honor his mother

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Kusanagi no ken 草薙の剣 The sword Kusanagi
on a Nebuta float from Aomori



The Imperial Sword of the Billowing Clouds
one of the three Imperial regalia of Japan.

The sword's name is "Ama-no-Murakumo-no-Tsurugi" (sword of heavenly gathering of clouds), and it is also known as "Kusanagi-no-Tsurugi" (grass cutting two-edged sword) when it was used by Yamato Takeru to cut grass to make an escape route when he was surrounded by fire in one of the Ainu subjugation campaigns.

. Japanese Swords 日本刀 and Daruma  


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H A I K U - R E N K U


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Shrine Sakaori no Miya 酒折宮 (さかおりのみや)
in Kofu 甲府市の東部

Yamato Takeru, the deity of linked verse (renga 連歌) is enshrined here.
He is said to have composed the first renku together with an old man, caretaker of the lights, of his army.

It is the famous kata-uta 片歌(かたうた)
This kind of linked verse has the form of
5 7 7
5 7 7
katauta (片歌, "poem fragment", "half song")




酒折宮連歌図
Yamato Takeru at Shrine Sakaori no Miya
『古事記』『日本書紀』等に伝えられる、ヤマトタケルノミコトの酒折宮伝承を図化したもの。
source : www.museum.pref.yamanashi.jp


quote
Yamato Takeru no Mikoto then came into Kai Province (Yamanashi Prefecture) and rested in Sakaori Palace. When dusk fell, he was served dinner. Seeng the lights that were being lit, he asked his servants in a song,

新墾(にひはり) 筑波を過ぎて 幾夜か寝つる

Since I passed Tsukuba
And Niibari,
How many nights have I slept ?


While no one was able to reply, the man in charge of the lights sang back,

計(かがな)べて 夜には九の夜 日には十日を

Counting the days -
Of nights there are nine nights,
Of days there are ten days.

Yamato Takeru no Mikoto praised this reply.

With Japanese and more text
source : (Hiraizumi Kiyoshi)


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. Photo Album of Taro Kunugi, Facebook

Thank you, Taro san, for sharing your photos !





- Homepage of the Temple 酒折宮
- source : sakaorinomiya.jp

3 Chome-1-13 Sakaori, Kofu, Yamanashi
- reference : Sakaori-no-miya -


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第十二回酒折連歌賞の公募は9月30日もちまして締め切りとなりました。
多数のご応募ありがとうございました。
結果発表は平成23年1月31日(月)事務局公表となっています。

http://www.sakaorirenga.gr.jp/



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- - - - - More from my files :

足柄山 Ashigarayama and the Sakagami 坂神 "Deity of the Slope" -

At shrine Awa no miya 安房の浮宮
The Knife Ceremony and Fujiwara Yamakage 藤原山陰

Eating pickles at Kayatsu shrine 萱津神社

At shrine Kehi Jingu 気比神宮

Statue at shrine Mitsumine Jinja 三峰神社

At Mount Tsukuba 筑波山

At Usui Pass 碓氷峠, Usui-tōge


. At the slope Tsuetsukizaka 杖突坂 in Mie .

. Myoogi Jinja 妙義神社 Shrine Myogi Jinja . - Gunma

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2 comments:

Anonymous said...

This is very interesting, thanks a lot.
a friend from Taiwan

Gabi Greve said...

Nikko
Myoogi Jinja 妙義神社 Shrine Myogi Jinja

It was founded in 537 and is thus one of the oldes shrines in Japan.
The Mountain Deity itself is enshrined here.
The Deity is venerated for protecting from fire, bring a good harvest and also for good business and prosperity. So many famous Daimyo Lords came here to worship and donate buildings and treasures.
日本武尊 Prince Yamato Takeru is also enshrined here.

This shrine is located near the eastern foot of Mount 白雲山 Hakuun-zan, one of the peaks of Mt. Myogi.
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When Yamato Takeru climbed 白雲山 Mount Hakuun-zan , he founded a shrine to venerate the deity
Hagoso 波己曽(はごそ)神, and the mountain was named after it, 波己曽山 Hagoso-zan. This name later changed to Myogiisan.
Hakoso Jinja 波己曽神社 / 波己曽(はこそ)神社 Hakoso Shrine
.
More about the Tengu from Nikko
.
https://gokurakuparadies.blogspot.jp/2016/10/tengu-from-nikko.html
.